Azerbaijan has been following an independent foreign policy since gaining independence in 1991. This policy aims at the strengthening and development of the state system and the protection of the national interests of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan builds its foreign policy on the principle of respect to the international legal standards and norms, the state sovereignty and territorial integrity, and the principles of nonintervention into the internal affairs.
The foreign policy of Azerbaijan, adhering to these principles and speaking on behalf of the national interests targets such urgent issues as the risks and challenges to the national security and territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of the republic and the prevention of the intervention of the Republic of Armenia. The major priorities of the foreign policy of Azerbaijan are the establishment of regional peace and stability, the implementation of large transport and cooperation projects.
The attraction of the foreign capital to the implementation of different projects on the development of the country’s economics for more effective protection of the national interests plays a great role in the foreign policy of Azerbaijan in the present-day world. Thus, Azerbaijan has chosen the democratic way of life determined its task in the establishment and development of mutually profitable bilateral and multilateral relations with other neighbor and faraway countries in different spheres.
Azerbaijan, expanding and developing its regional and global activity and international cooperation, became a member of a number of international organizations such as the United Nations, the Organization on Security and Cooperation in Europe, European Council, Organization of Islamic Conference, Commonwealth of Independent States and others. Moreover, Azerbaijan was one of the cofounders of GUAM.
The steps undertaken by the government of Azerbaijan in Europe correspond to the attempts of the foreign policy as its integral part. Europe, which is rather based on real cooperation and partnership than on the old models of influence, promotes the establishment of a single structure for security and common welfare but at the same time, it may lead to the emergence of new challenges. Therefore, Azerbaijan, considering the established objective situation intensifies its activity within the anti-terrorist coalitions and cooperation with NATO and European Union.
Azerbaijan protects and implements its national interests through participating in the regional initiatives and the aforementioned organizations.
The development and implementation of the measures foreign policy of Azerbaijan serving the protection of the national interests is connected with our national leader Heydar Aliyev. His talent of the strong state system establishment, deep logic, and understanding of the importance of issues enabled to form a correct approach to the establishment of international relations.
The present-day foreign policy of the Republic of Azerbaijan, conducted under the leadership of President Ilham Aliyev, demonstrates its adherence to the course of development of mutually profitable relations with all goodwill countries and aims to develop Azerbaijan and to provide for the permanent prosperity and the welfare of the people.
The diplomatic activity carried out in frames of this complicated and many-sided process is composed of a number of major trends that constitute the foreign policy of Azerbaijan.
The Armenian-Azeri conflict in Daghlig Garabagh consists of eight sections, which encourage the comprehensive study of this problem. The first section is devoted to the territorial claims of Armenia targeting Azerbaijan and its occupation war aiming to cut Karabakh off Azerbaijan. This section defined the etymology of the word “Karabakh” and provided information on the history, territory and borders of Karabakh and divided the history of Karabakh into several parts in accordance with the historical development of Azerbaijan and reflected the main events. The study of the historical development of Karabakh showed that the Karabakh was an integral part of Azerbaijan and developed in accordance with the history of Azerbaijan. The section also reflected the facts of the historical roots of the territorial claims of Armenia, the occupation war of Armenia against Azerbaijan.
The second section is devoted to the relations between the Karabakh problem and the Armenian issue. To give the full idea of the Armenians features the section reflects the critical views of the leading philosophers of the world and the expressions of Armenians about themselves.
The thirds section provided wide coverage on the initiation of occupation war of Armenian armed troops against Azerbaijan, the process of war, the occupation of Azeri lands and the occupation regime established on the said lands. It also considered the settlement of the conflict and Azerbaijan’s opinion on the settlement of the conflict.
The fourth section of the conflict reflected the Khojaly genocide committed during the Armenians’ occupation war against Azerbaijan. That section regarded the Khojaly genocide as the most terrible event of the 20th century and reflected the attitude of the world community to the genocide and the expressions of the witnesses.
The fifth section is devoted to the humanitarian disaster committed by the occupation war of Armenia against Azerbaijan. The section showed that the occupation activity of Armenia in Karabakh and other regions of Azerbaijan were accompanied with the terrorist acts. It provided information of the hard life of refugees and IDP, hostages and missed people, Armenians’ inhuman treatment of Azeri hostages violating all the principles of humanism and international rights, the treatment of women and children who became the victims of Armenian occupation.
The sixth section reflected one of the integral parts of terrorism the major source of danger in the present-day world-the Armenian terrorism, the Armenian terrorist organizations, the terrorist acts committed in Azerbaijan, and their chronology. It places the facts proving Armenia to be the state supporting international terrorism.
The seventh section is devoted to the hard socio-economic consequences of the Armenians’ occupation of Azeri lands. It first provides the facts on the natural reserves of Azeri lands occupied by Armenians. Then the damage caused to the lands is classified in accordance with different spheres and the scale of the ecological, social, economic, and material damage is determined. It also reflected the Armenians’ vandalism shown in the treatment of the historical monuments of Azerbaijan.
The correspondence of the results of the Karabakh problem settlement is reflected in the special, eighth section of the matter. It covered the Kurekchay contract signed between the Karabakh khanate and Russian empire on May 14, 1805, the Gulistan contract signed between Russia and Iran in 1813 and Turkmenchay contract signed in 1828, documents on the anti-Azerbaijan activity of the Armenian Dashnaksutyun party, the documents and materials on the Karabakh conflict of the National Front of Azerbaijan (1918-1920) and the Soviet period. The section also paid great attention to the documents and materials on the deportation of Azerbaijanis of Armenia SSR in 1948-1953. The historical documents also include the resolutions and documents of the UN, OSCE, and Parliamentary Assembly of the European Council.