Journal of Eurasian Inquiries, 9,(1), 2020, pp. 55-73.
International documents are important mechanism for protecting the rights
of citizens in armed conflicts, and these documents can help the UN Security
Council to protect human rights. International humanitarian law is reflected
in three documents: 1907 The Hague Conventions respecting the Laws and
Customs of War on Land and its annex, Protocol Additional to the Geneva
conventions of 12 August 1949, and 1977 Geneva conventions relating to the
Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I) and other
international law’s documents reflecting the principle of respect for human
rights. These international conventions have repeatedly been violated by
Armenia, which is a member of the UN. According to the information of the
State Commission of the Republic of Azerbaijan on Prisoners of War, Hostages
and Missing Persons dated February 1, 2019, the number of missing persons
registered by the State Committee is 3,888. Most of these people were killed in
Armenian captivity, committed suicide because of torture, illness, and the rest
were hidden by Armenians and being used in heavy physical work in Armenia
and occupied Azerbaijani territories. As a universal organization, the UN Security
Council can force Armenia to comply with international humanitarian law.
Referring to resolutions adopted by the UN Security Council, the International
Criminal Tribunal for Khojaly should be established and criminals should be
punished. The International Court of Justice Commission can be established
to regulate legal matters concerning criminals and this Commission should
cooperate closely with the International Court of Justice, the Human Rights
Council, the Compensation Commission, and conduct joint investigations.